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1906-1929

1908

Hammersmith to Leyton ('Baker's Arms') motor-bus route established.

Roe III Triplane on Walthamstow Marshes 1910 (Wikipedia)

A.V.R. Roe Triplane at Lea Marshes, 1909 (Science Museum/Science & Society)

1909

A.V.R. Roe was the first Englishman to make a powered flight (in 1908 atBrooklands) and the first Englishman to fly an all-British machine a year later, onWalthamstow Marshes. Walthamstow Marshwas the location of Roe's later attempts to build and fly his early aeroplanes. Despite many failures, Roe continued his experiments and there is now ablue plaque commemorating his first successful flight (in July 1909) on one of the railway arches he worked from.

1912

At Lea Bridge, some unhealthy houses in Middlesex Wharf were demolished in 1912.[1]

1914-18

41 players and official from Clapton Orient joined the footballers’ battalion of the 17th Middlesex Regiment. The army took over the Millfields ground site for the rest of the war, with an anti-aircraft gun positioned on the ‘Spion Kop’ to ward German planes off from the locales.[2] Temple Mills Rail Yard is reputed to have been a target for Zeppelin Raids.

After airship bombing in the Leyton area, Mr Schubert had to sell to an English family his bakers shop in Lea Bridge Road, 3 doors from the Greyhound pub, after it was stoned for being German-owned.[3]

On the 24th April 1915, the last match of the season prior to the suspension due to the war, all the Clapton Orient players and staff took a final farewell Parade around the Millfields Road pitch.[4]

1916

Three Leyton Orient players are killed in the Battle of the Somme: Company Sergeant Major Richard McFadden, Private William Jonas, and Private George Scott.

1920s

Source: Leyton Orient Web Site

Pond Lane lock removed and Pond Lane flood gates constructed (south of Lea Bridge weir) to prevent flooding of Hackney Marshes. They were sited just downstream of Strong’s Bridge (which was removed when the gates were built).

King’s Head (44 Middlesex Wharf) rebuilt at a time when all the older buildings in the area were removed on health grounds because of frequent flooding. Closed and demolished in around 2000.

c.1920s

Major Villiers of the Eaton Manor Boys Club provided a concrete footbridge from Hackney to the marshes to allow access to the sports fields removed in 2009).[11]

1921

On the 30th April 1921, the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VIII) attended a ClaptonOrient game at Millfields; the first time a monarch had officially attended a football game, in order to commemorate the contribution and sacrifice of the players andstaff in the Great War.

1923

The Disabled Soldiers and Sailors Foundation Hackney (DSSFH), British Legion cottages constructed in Wattisfield Rd, Clapton. For married men who had been enlisted in any of the fighting forces and disabled (later extended to other disabled public service personnel). The Foundation was formed after the First World War by G.F.J.Macleod, formerly manager of the Hackney Empire and Sir Louis Stanley Johnson MP JP.[5] Designed by Gunton and Gunton, architects, a partnership of Josiah Gunton and his son William Henry Gunton from 1916-1938 and which usually specialized in commercial buildings.[6] Gunton and Gunton is the later name for the partnership Gordon and Gunton, Architects of Millfields Depot.

1924

photo.JPG

A group of wealthy and well-connected Old Etonians, including Arthur Villiers, a director of Barings Bank, set up the Manor Charitable Trust to finance and manage the Eton Manor Club.

Henry Stilgoe, Metropolitan Water Board hief Engineer wrote to 'The Engineer' Magazine, describing new works in and around Lea BridgeMore.

1925-41

Salvation Army Mission Middlesex Wharf,LeaBridge, hall reg. 1925-41.[7]

1928-30

Greyhound racing, with a new type of electric hare, began at Clapton Orient's stadium in 1928. The stadium was converted to the design of Sir Owen Williams; improvements included a restaurant in 1930 and covered stands and a second restaurant in 1939.

1928-35

A purpose-built speedway stadium was constructed next to Lea Bridge Station. The stadium became the home of Lea Bridge or Lea Bridge Clubs and was captained by Gus Kuhn, a pioneer of motorcycle sport. In 1933, Lea Bridge Stadium was used for filming racing scenes for the movie ‘Britannia if Billingsgate’[8][9].

1928

Walthamstow incorporated as a London Borough. See news footage.

References


[1] A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 10: Hackney: Clapton, pp. 44-51. T.F.T. Baker (Editor). 1995

[2] London Football Companion, Ed Glinert

[3] Interview 176. Waltham Forest Oral History Workshop

[4] Clapton Orient's "Brothers In Arms". Steve Jenkins quoted in www.Leytonorient.com

[5] Dictionary of Scottish Architects Biography Report. www.scottisharchitects.org.uk/architect

[6] Summary at www.flickr.com/photos/sludgeulper/3466889264 also referring to Hackney Archives reference D/F/YAT/5/1-5

[7] A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 10: Hackney: Protestant Nonconformity, Fn. 65, pp. 130-144. T.F.T. Baker (Editor). 1995

[8] http://www.guskuhn.net/GKuhn/1933.htm#BritBill

[9] Homes of British Speedway, Robert Bamford & John Jarvis, 2001, ISBN 0752422103

[10]in the Slums: Settlements and Missions in Late Victorian Britain. Peter Scotlan


Recollections, comments, contributions and corrections

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leabridge.org.uk December 2012
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