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London's earliest waterworks 1600-1840

London Waterworks 1600-1800[1]

  1. Merchant Waterworks
  2. The London Bridge Waterworks, 1582
  3. Hampstead Waterworks, 1589
  4. Thomas Neale’s Shadwell waterworks, c.1660
  5. York Buildings Waterworks, Villiers Street, 1691-1818
  6. Hackney Waterworks at Lea Bridge, 1707 and then 1767
  7. Chelsea waterworks, 1722
  8. West Ham waterworks, 1743
  9. Bank End waterworks, 1756
  10. Old Borough Waterworks Company 1758
  11. Rotherhithe, pre. 1756
  12. Lambeth Waterworks, 1785

London Waterworks 1600-1800[2]

  • Merchant Waterworks (Tottenham Court Road Fields Windmill and two overshot wheels St Martin’s and Hartshorn lanes in the Strand).
  • Shadwell waterworks (c.1660) Thomas Neale Esq. (1691 vested in a company of proprietors. Then the Dock Company; then east London waterworks in 1808).
  • York Buildings Waterworks, Villiers Street (1691-1818) supply taken over by New River Company.
  • Chelsea waterworks (1722)
  • West Ham waterworks (1743) Purchased by ELWC at same time as Shadwell works.
  • Bank End waterworks (1756) Old Borough Waterworks Company 1758 supplied Southwark along with the continuing London Bridge works (waterwheels removed 1823), consolidated into Southwark waterworks property of John Edwards Esq.
  • Rotherhithe (pre. 1756)
  • Lea Bridge 1707 and then 1767, worked by a waterwheel for the supply of Hackney and Clapton. Called the Hackney Waterworks
  • Lambeth Waterworks (1785).
  • Hampstead Waterworks (1589)

Waterworks in London post 1800[3]

  • 1807 East London waterworks Company. Purchased Hackney West Ham and Shadwell works and also Lea Bridge works in 1829 (under an Act of 1828) whereupon they constructed machinery for raising water at Lea Bridge and constructed a canal and reservoirs to take Lea water from Lea Bridge to the main works at Old Ford.
  • 1805 South London waterworks (into which the Old Borough and London Bridge works were consolidated in 1823).
  • 1806 West Middlesex waterworks
  • 1810 Grand Junction waterworks
  • Kent Waterworks (on the River Ravensbourne in Deptford) consisting of a water wheel and two engines. Wicksteed considered ‘ these works are scarcely considered metropolitan’.
  • Hampstead Waterworks (1589), the oldest waterworks in London according to Wicksteed. New River Company taking over the supply in 1803.

Waterworks in London in 1840[4]

  • New River Works
  • East London Waterworks
  • Lambeth waterworks
  • West Middlesex Works
  • Chelsea Waterworks
  • South London Waterworks
  • Southwark Waterworks
  • Grand Junction Waterworks

References

[1] On the Supply of Water to the Metropolis, The Civil Engineer And Architect's Journal, Vol. 3 February 1840 (p. 45) Thomas Wicksteed

[2] On the Supply of Water to the Metropolis, The Civil Engineer And Architect's Journal, Vol. 3 February 1840 (p. 45) Thomas Wicksteed

[3] On the Supply of Water to the Metropolis, The Civil Engineer And Architect's Journal, Volume 3 February 1840 (p. 45) Thomas Wicksteed

[4] On the Supply of Water to the Metropolis, The Civil Engineer And Architect's Journal, Volume 3 February 1840 (p. 45) Thomas Wicksteed


leabridge.org.uk December 2012
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